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EstCore 2 kasutab olemasolevaid standardeid õppematerjali metainfo jaoks.

Schema.org

Baassõnavara on defineeritud schema.org ontoloogias.

https://schema.org/CreativeWork

LRMI

Õppevara sõnavara laiendused ja kasutamiseeskirjad on defineeritud LRMI-s.

https://www.dublincore.org/specifications/lrmi/

JSON-LD

JSON-LD on kasutusel metaandmete kodeerimisel.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/JSON-LD

URI

URI on kasutusel ressursside ja sõnavara unikaalsuse tagamiseks.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uniform_Resource_Identifier

xAPI

xAPI kirjeldab vormingu (JSON) ja skeemi õpikogemuse edastamiseks.

https://xapi.com/https://gblxapi.org/ (vt ka https://gblxapi.org/vocabulary/xapi-k12-catalog-search, https://github.com/adlnet/xapi-authored-profiles)

OAI-PMH

https://www.openarchives.org/pmh/ : The Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (OAI-PMH) is a low-barrier mechanism for repository interoperability. Data Providers are repositories that expose structured metadata via OAI-PMH. Service Providers then make OAI-PMH service requests to harvest that metadata. OAI-PMH is a set of six verbs or services that are invoked within HTTP.

ESCO

https://ec.europa.eu/esco

ESCO is a multilingual classification of European Skills, Competences, Qualifications and Occupations. The ESCO classification identifies and categorises skills, competences, qualifications and occupations relevant for the EU labour market and education and training.

OKSA

https://www.csc.fi/-/termit-tutuksi-opetus-ja-koulutussanasto-oksa-julkaistu-

Vocabulary of Education (OKSA), which contains almost 560 concepts, was published at University of Helsinki's Learning Centre Minerva on Friday, 20 April 2018. In addition to Finnish terms of the field, this glossary contains their English and Swedish equivalents.  

The general intelligibility of concepts may emerge as a challenge in communication about the education sector from time to time. In legislation on different levels of education, for instance, different terms may be used for the same concept. OKSA provides jointly agreed definitions for concepts and recommended terms, striving to harmonize language use in the education sector.

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13 Comments

  1. https://www.aleks.com/k12/standards - näide õppematerjali ja riikliku õppekava õpiväljundite vastavuste kohta

  2. Wordnet'is on kirjeldatud sünohulgad jms, mida saab kasutada põhimõistetele viitamisel. Vt nt https://wordties.cst.dk/wordties-estwn/w/ml-a/282649-maja-2https://teksaurus.keeleressursid.ee/synset/468455

  3. Riiklike õppekavade lingid:

    Austraalia – Australian Curriculum

    Queensland – Queensland Curriculum

    USA – Common Core

    Iirimaa – Curriculum online